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Types of Electric & Hybrid Charging

Electric vehicle (EV) charging is an important consideration of EV ownership. With power rating, connector type, cabling requirements and vehicle specification to consider, Zap-Map has created a series of step-by-step guides that cover the key issues related to EV charging

There are three main types of EV charging – rapid, fast, and slow.

Rapid chargers

Will charge the majority of EVs to 80% in around 30-60 minutes (depending a battery capacity). These are available in one of two types – AC or DC [Alternating or Direct Current]. Current Rapid AC chargers are rated at 43 kW, while most Rapid DC units are at least 50 kW

Fast chargers

Will typically fully charge an EV in 3-4 hours.Connectors are a tethered Type 1 or a Type 2 socket (via a connector cable supplied with the vehicle).

Slow units (up to 3 kW)

Usually take between 6 and 12 hours for a pure-EV, or 2-4 hours for a PHEV and are best used for overnight charging.EVs charge on slow devices using a cable which connects the vehicle to a 3-pin or Type 2 socket.