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Electric & Hybrid Vehicles - What Is The Difference Between Them?

Let's explain the difference between an EV (Electric Vehicle) and a PHEV (Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle)

What is an EV?

EV simply means Electric Vehicle.

An electric car or EV is one that runs purely off electric power and only ever recharged using a charging cable and never with fuel.

Powering an EV is an electric motor, sometimes multiple motors, and a battery pack. Inside the battery pack is where the electricity is stored.

Only cars powered purely by electricity can be classed as an EV although sometimes people refer to hybrids as electric, despite there being a petrol motor present.

What is a Hybrid or Plug-in Hybrid?

A hybrid car is a vehicle that uses a powertrain which combines petrol and electric power.

This means the vehicle will be propelled by both power of the engine and of electric motor and batteries.

How this power is delivered will differ between cars but some vehicles will use the petrol engine to charge the electric batteries.

In some hybrids this may be the only function of the petrol engine but in others it differs slightly.

Some hybrid vehicles use the petrol engine in conventional sense while the electric motor provides an extra boost of power.

Other hybrid cars will use the electric motor at low speeds to power the car but once a threshold of power is met the petrol engine will kick in.

Plug-in hybrids have a charging port much like the ones of a typical EV which is used to recharge the batteries meaning that less petrol is used to recharge the battery pack.